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The role of affect in schema formation: a cognitive approach

Mulyoso, Mulyoso (2001) The role of affect in schema formation: a cognitive approach. Journal of Language and Literature Poetica, 1 (1).

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This study firstly going to address two different attitudes concerning the model of literary text processing: the top-down and the bottom-up. The top down-model suggests that the comprehension process is completely driven by the goals, knowledge, cultural background, of the reader and not by textual information. The reverse position would be an exclusive bottom-up text driven, conception of text comprehension. In psychology, it appears that while purely bottom up models of text comprehension have been proposed (La Berge and Samuels, 1974), purely top-down models are regarded as implausible. However, this study sees that text comprehension is actually some mixture of top-down and bottom-up processes. This suggests that the literary text processing is highly interactive process. This study demonstrates that the literary defamiliarization effect requires readers to create a new schema adequate to the material presented by the poem. The initial schemata are likely to contradict each other in subtle ways, providing the the reader with signals of their in adequacy and impelling him to recognize that they have only provisional status. The primary work of the reader is thus to interpret the unfolding sentences of the poem for clues to a more adequate schema. The argument of this study is that it is the reader's affective response that guides this process.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Nama : Mulyoso NIDN :
Uncontrolled Keywords: Affect, schema, cognitive
Divisions: Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Politik > D3 Bahasa Inggris
Depositing User: Surya Dannie
Date Deposited: 29 Dec 2021 02:41
Last Modified: 29 Dec 2021 02:41

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